This specification defines an API that provides access to the vibration mechanism of the hosting device. Vibration is a form of tactile feedback.
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The following changes have been made since the W3C Candidate Recommendation 23 July 2013:
This document represents the consensus of the group on the scope and features of the Vibration API. It should be noted that the group is aware of more advanced use cases that cannot be realized using this simpler first version. The intent is to address them in a future revision.
This document was published by the Device APIs Working Group as a Last Call Working Draft. This document is intended to become a W3C Recommendation. If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to email@example.com (subscribe, archives). The Last Call period ends 04 March 2014. All comments are welcome.
Publication as a Last Call Working Draft does not imply endorsement by the W3C Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.
This is a Last Call Working Draft and thus the Working Group has determined that this document has satisfied the relevant technical requirements and is sufficiently stable to advance through the Technical Recommendation process.
This document was produced by a group operating under the 5 February 2004 W3C Patent Policy. W3C maintains a public list of any patent disclosures made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains Essential Claim(s) must disclose the information in accordance with section 6 of the W3C Patent Policy.
This section is non-normative.
The API is specifically designed to address use cases that require simple tactile feedback only. Use cases requiring more fine-grained control are out of scope for this specification. This API is not meant to be used as a generic notification mechanism. Such use cases may be handled using the Web Notifications [notifications] specification. In addition, determining whether vibration is enabled is out of scope for this specification.
As well as sections marked as non-normative, all authoring guidelines, diagrams, examples, and notes in this specification are non-normative. Everything else in this specification is normative.
The key words MUST, MUST NOT, REQUIRED, SHOULD, SHOULD NOT, RECOMMENDED, MAY, and OPTIONAL in this specification are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].
This specification defines conformance criteria that apply to a single product: the user agent that implements the interfaces that it contains.
Implementations that use ECMAScript to implement the APIs defined in this specification must implement them in a manner consistent with the ECMAScript Bindings defined in the Web IDL specification [WEBIDL], as this specification uses that specification and terminology.
The concepts browsing context and spin the event loop are defined in [HTML5].
method, when invoked, MUST run the algorithm
for processing vibration patterns.
The rules for processing vibration patterns are as given in the following algorithm:
hiddenattribute [PAGE-VISIBILITY] is set to true, then return false and terminate these steps.
visibilitychange event [PAGE-VISIBILITY] is dispatched at
Document in a browsing context, the
user agent MUST cancel the
pre-existing instance of the processing vibration patterns
algorithm, if any.
This section is non-normative.
In the following example the device will vibrate for 1000 milliseconds (ms):
// vibrate for 1000 ms navigator.vibrate(1000); // or alternatively navigator.vibrate();
In the following example the pattern will cause the device to vibrate for 50 ms, be still for 100 ms, and then vibrate for 150 ms:
navigator.vibrate([50, 100, 150]);
The following example cancels any existing vibrations:
// cancel any existing vibrations navigator.vibrate(0); // or alternatively navigator.vibrate();
The group is deeply indebted to Justin Lebar, Mounir Lamouri, Jonas Sicking, and the Mozilla WebAPI team for their contributions, and for providing the WebVibrator prototype as an initial input.